Cleveland Clinic: “Lung Resection.”
Johns Hopkins Medicine: “What is a lobectomy?”
Federal Register: “Modifications To Labeling of Nicotine Replacement Therapy Products for Over-the-Counter Human Use.”
Monica Hanna, assistant director, Nicotine and Tobacco Recovery Program, RWJBarnabas Health Institute for Prevention and Recovery, Eatontown, NJ.
Insider: “The wild history of vaping, from a 1927 ‘electric vaporizer’ to today’s mysterious lung injury crisis.”
National Library of Medicine: “E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General.”
Progressive Policy Institute: “The Impact of Electronic Cigarettes on Cigarette Smoking By Americans and Its Health and Economic Implications.”
Cochrane Library: “Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation.”
The New England Journal of Medicine: “A Randomized Trial of E-Cigarettes versus Nicotine-Replacement Therapy.”
Peter Shields, MD, professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus.
The Lancet: “Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation: a randomised controlled trial,” “Nicotine patches used in combination with e-cigarettes (with and without nicotine) for smoking cessation: a pragmatic, randomised trial.”
Thomas Eissenberg, PhD, co-director, Center for the Study of Tobacco Products, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond.
Michael Joseph Blaha, MD, director of clinical research, Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Baltimore.
Thorax: “Assessment of formal tobacco treatment and smoking cessation in dual users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes.”
JAMA Network Open: “Demographic Characteristics, Cigarette Smoking, and e-Cigarette Use Among US Adults.”
Kenneth Warner, PhD, dean emeritus, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine: “Relative Harm Perceptions of E-Cigarettes Versus Cigarettes, U.S. Adults, 2018–2020.”